This was possible owing to availability of higher paying jobs, open access to managerial positions, better attitudes by employers, as well as broad education opportunities. Despite the fact that by the time the article was published, the black population had by no means reached the level of economic equality with Caucasian Americans and there were still persuasive problems, African Americans made considerable advancements.
The article suggests that the struggles to achieve the economic equality with the white population got realized in the s, namely through legislation and a variety of other means of federal assistance. Next, the Civil Rights Movement had a powerful economic impact on American society. Desegregation of various industries brought black workers to factories and plants across the States.
This led to thriving textile, mill, and other industries. Specifically, the economic rise of the textile industry was so impressive that its results could be seen by the level of black workers living standards. Not only were African Americans now able to find better jobs and receive decent wages, they started selling their children to colleges.
Finally, the achievements of the Civil Rights Movement helped to advance democracy within the society. Similarly to African Americans during the Civil Rights Movement, these new movements emerged as a result of being on the margins of the U. These minorities realized that through forming a group consciousness, it was possible to air their grievances in a more powerful way.
In order to reach their aims, the minority groups used the rhetoric, tactics, and forms that had been earlier used by the African American movement. For instance, on February 7, , Indians from the American Indian Movement decided to occupy the town of Wounded Knee, and they held it for 71 days.
At the time, that was the third most documented event after the Vietnam War and Watergate. In summary, the Civil Rights Movement was a success in the United States, and it fostered the economic growth. Black workers got a chance to find jobs in a variety of previously in accessible industries.
Along with the growing incomes of these workers, the industries started getting higher revenues. Also, the Civil Rights Movement fostered the advanced of democracy in the country as the representatives of other races got inspired to unite and fight for their rights.
Thus, the Civil Rights Movement contributed to the growth of our country. Looking where to buy an essay? But they were not the only ones, and the number of protesters who were ideologically committed to them was relatively small. Although the name of one of the important civil rights organizations was the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, its members soon concluded that advocating nonviolence as a principle was irrelevant to most African Americans they were trying to reach.
Movement participants in Mississippi, for example, did not decide beforehand to engage in violence, but self-defense was simply considered common sense.
If some SNCC members in Mississippi were convinced pacifists in the face of escalating violence, they nevertheless enjoyed the protection of local people who shared their goals but were not yet ready to beat their swords into ploughshares. Armed self-defense had been an essential component of the black freedom struggle, and it was not confined to the fringe.
Returning soldiers fought back against white mobs during the Red Summer of In , World War Two veterans likewise protected black communities in places like Columbia, Tennessee, the site of a bloody race riot. Army veteran Robert F. Students should be encouraged to consider why activists may have considered violence a necessary part of their work and what role it played in their overall programs. Are violence and nonviolence necessarily antithetical, or can they be complementary?
For example the Black Panther Party may be best remembered by images of members clad in leather and carrying rifles, but they also challenged widespread police brutality, advocated reform of the criminal justice system, and established community survival programs, including medical clinics, schools, and their signature breakfast program. One question that can lead to an extended discussion is to ask students what the difference is between people who rioted in the s and advocated violence and the participants in the Boston Tea Party at the outset of the American Revolution.
Both groups wanted out from oppression, both saw that violence could be efficacious, and both were excoriated by the rulers of their day. Teachers and students can then explore reasons why those Boston hooligans are celebrated in American history and whether the same standards should be applied to those who used arms in the s. An important goal of the Civil Rights Movement was the elimination of segregation. But if students, who are now a generation or more removed from Jim Crow, are asked to define segregation, they are likely to point out examples of individual racial separation such as blacks and whites eating at different cafeteria tables and the existence of black and white houses of worship.
Yet segregation was a social, political, and economic system that placed African Americans in an inferior position, disfranchised them, and was enforced by custom, law, and official and vigilante violence. The discussion of segregation should be expanded beyond expressions of personal preferences. One way to do this is to distinguish between black and white students hanging out in different parts of a school and a law mandating racially separate schools, or between black and white students eating separately and a laws or customs excluding African Americans from restaurants and other public facilities.
Put another way, the civil rights movement was not fought merely to ensure that students of different backgrounds could become acquainted with each other. The goal of an integrated and multicultural America is not achieved simply by proximity.
Schools, the economy, and other social institutions needed to be reformed to meet the needs for all. A guided discussion should point out that many of the approaches to ending segregation did not embrace integration or assimilation, and students should become aware of the appeal of separatism.
Du Bois believed in what is today called multiculturalism. But by the mids he concluded that the Great Depression, virulent racism, and the unreliability of white progressive reformers who had previously expressed sympathy for civil rights rendered an integrated America a distant dream. Black communities across the country were in severe distress; it was counterproductive, he argued, to sacrifice black schoolchildren at the altar of integration and to get them into previously all-white schools, where they would be shunned and worse.
If, in the future, integration became a possibility, African Americans would be positioned to enter that new arrangement on equal terms. Any brief discussion of historical literature on the Civil Rights Movement is bound to be incomplete.
The books offered—a biography, a study of the black freedom struggle in Memphis, a brief study of the Brown decision, and a debate over the unfolding of the movement—were selected for their accessibility variety, and usefulness to teaching, as well as the soundness of their scholarship. NAACP , by Kenneth Robert Janken, is a biography of one of the most well known civil rights figure of the first half of the twentieth century.
He was a formidable persuader and was influential in the halls of power, counting Eleanor Roosevelt, senators, representatives, cabinet secretaries, Supreme Court justices, union leaders, Hollywood moguls, and diplomats among his circle of friends. His style of work depended upon rallying enlightened elites, and he favored a placing effort into developing a civil rights bureaucracy over local and mass-oriented organizations. During decades when the majority of African Americans were legally disfranchised, White led the organization that gave them an effective voice, representing them and interpreting their demands and desires as he understood them to those in power.
Two examples of this were highlighted in the first part of this essay: There are many excellent books that study the development of the Civil Rights Movement in one locality or state. An excellent addition to the collection of local studies is Battling the Plantation Mentality , by Laurie B. Green, which focuses on Memphis and the surrounding rural areas of Tennessee, Arkansas, and Mississippi between the late s and , when Martin Luther King was assassinated there.
Like the best of the local studies, this book presents an expanded definition of civil rights that encompasses not only desegregation of public facilities and the attainment of legal rights but also economic and political equality.
Central to this were efforts by African Americans to define themselves and shake off the cultural impositions and mores of Jim Crow. During WWII, unionized black men went on strike in the defense industry to upgrade their job classifications.
When the workers tried to walk off the job, the owner had them arrested, which gave rise to local protest. In , black Memphis activists helped support black sharecroppers in surrounding counties who were evicted from their homes when they initiated voter registration drives.
The accompanying documents affirm the longstanding black freedom struggle, including demands for integrated schools in Boston in , continuing with protests against the separate but equal ruling in Plessy v. The documents are prefaced by detailed head notes and provocative discussion questions. Lawson and Charles Payne, is likewise focused on instruction and discussion. This essay has largely focused on the development of the Civil Rights Movement from the standpoint of African American resistance to segregation and the formation organizations to fight for racial, economic, social, and political equality.
One area it does not explore is how the federal government helped to shape the movement. Charles Payne vigorously disagrees, focusing instead on the protracted grassroots organizing as the motive force for whatever incomplete change occurred during those years.
The African-American Civil Rights Movement. The civil rights movement of the 's started on December 1, which started with the Montgomery Bus Boycott which happened on this day.
In the US, African-American civil rights movement occurred between and (Finkelman, ). The need to eliminate racism against the African-Americans and the struggle for equal voting privileges initiated this movement.
Essay on The Civil Rights Movement - The ’s were a time of freedom, deliverance, developing and molding for African-American people all over the United States. The Civil Rights Movement consisted of black people in the south fighting for equal rights. - The civil right movement refers to the reform movement in the United States beginning in the to led primarily by Blacks for outlawing racial discrimination against African-Americans to prove the civil rights of personal Black citizen.
The African-American civil rights movement is about a century old and it started from the grassroots level for the end of racial injustice and social discrimination towards African Americans. The struggle was a combined effort of the many black African American leaders, ministers and communities comprising the authorities of black . The Civil Rights Movement Essay Words | 5 Pages. The civil rights movement was a span of time when the African Americans endeavor was to acquire their constitutional rights of which they were being deprived.