Senate and the U. There are Senators, two from each state, and Congressmen. They make up the Legislative branch and have the responsibility of making and passing laws so the nation runs smoothly and fairly. Congress also has the powers of the purse, as the ability to spend and tax. Judges and justices serve on the Supreme Court—the highest court in the land—and in special federal district courts.
The president can appoint a justice, but the Senate must approve each appointment. The Constitution says that the Judicial branch can do things the other two branches cannot, such as interpret the law to make sure that what Congress proposes is in agreement with the Constitution.
Federal courts hear cases when the U. Government sues someone or is being sued. They also decide cases when there is a disagreement between two states, such as one state claiming another is polluting their air. If people do not like a decision made in a district court, they can appeal their case to one of the 12 courts of appeals. The three branches, Legislative, Executive and Judicial, have what is called the principle of separation of powers.
This means that each branch of government must rely on the other for approval, so that no one power can make decisions without the other. Just to illustrate this tit-for-tat concept, the Legislative branch makes laws, the Executive branch enforces those laws and the Judicial branch interprets those laws. If Congress writes a law, the Supreme Court can declare it unconstitutional. Congress can override a presidential veto of its legislation or remove and impeach a president and the Senate confirms presidential appointments.
That is separation of powers! The Founding Fathers who wrote the Constitution wanted to create a document that made sure the government did not have too much power. They felt that if they spread the power among three separate branches of government, they would work together to govern the country so no one branch would have more control than the others would. This is a system commonly referred to as checks and balances. Government Responsibility We want the right to vote for what we believe in and we want to be able to ask the government to change laws we feel are unfair.
Three Great Powers Within the federal government are the three great powers: Legislative Branch You know that men and women are elected by voting to go to Congress and represent the people. Judicial Branch Judges and justices serve on the Supreme Court—the highest court in the land—and in special federal district courts. Separation of Powers The three branches, Legislative, Executive and Judicial, have what is called the principle of separation of powers.
Purpose of the Separation of Powers The Founding Fathers who wrote the Constitution wanted to create a document that made sure the government did not have too much power.
To answer this question one must understand the purpose of the United States Constitution , which is to limit the power of government. By establishing three branches of government, independent of one another and with the ability to check the power of the other, no individual, group, or faction would be able to wield too much power. The purpose of the executive branch is to make sure the laws of the United States are carried out.
He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years," in effect establishing the executive branch of the United States government and the office of the president of the United States. Although the president and vice president are the only two officials named in Article II, the president's cabinet and federal agencies are also part of the executive branch.
Article II, section 2 states that the president "shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States. The president's cabinet consists of the following offices:. The executive branch is authorized to do the following:. The purpose of the legislative branch is to make laws.
Article I , section 1 of the Constitution states, "All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives. There are two senators from each state, elected every six years. The number of representatives per state in the House of Representatives is based on population. Representatives are up for election every two years. The legislature has the following powers:.
Congress cannot, according to the Constitution, do the following:. The purpose of the judicial branch is to make sure laws are carried out properly and that laws abide by the Constitution. Article III , section 1 of the Constitution states, "The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.
The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behavior. The Constitution sets forth the following in regards to the judicial branch:. One's understanding of the judicial branch is incomplete without understanding judicial review, the authority of the judiciary to declare a law unconstitutional.
Although judicial review is not specifically mentioned in the Constitution, many scholars argue that the structure of the federal government and the three branches of government imply and establish the need for judicial review. Other scholars argue that judicial review upsets the system of checks and balances by giving too much power to one branch of government. Justice John Marshall established judicial review in , declaring Thomas Jefferson's refusal to grant William Marbury's receiving his justice of the peace appointment, granted by prior president John Adams.
Purposes of Judicial Review. According to the Judicial Review Website, the three functions of judicial review are:. Now that you have a general understanding of the three branches of government, you'll be better equipped to make sense of your world. Images courtesy of wikimedia commons. The president is commander-in-chief of the United States military. The president can grant pardons.
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The three branches of the national government are the legislative, the executive, and the judicial. The legislative branch is the Congress. In general, their job is to make the laws for the.
Search for state homework help branches of government departments, divisions, committees, boards and commissions Free elementary, middle and high school homework help branches of government teacher resources, Get an answer for 'Of the three branches of U.S. APlus Homework Helper. It is not usual for all three branches of the federal government to impact health care in important ways. However, in recent years, all three branches have. This is because of the continuing controversy over the programs typically known as “Obamacare.” In general, it is .
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