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Step 10: Research Paper Conclusion

Avoid Common Mistakes

❶You want to vary the content of your paper so that it reads smoothly.

What Has Your Research Shown?

Idea of a Research Paper Conclusion
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Make Your Conclusion Effective

Often endings of this kind will merely attempt to restate the thesis of the paper in a crude or simplistic manner. An ending of this kind conveys a sense of laziness on the part of the writer. A good conclusion to a paper should be at least one solid paragraph long at the bare minimum. Ending the paper with a conclusion that lacks focus, or is filled with extraneous or inappropriate material. The conclusion to a paper should strive for precision.

Material of this type should be included in the body of the paper, and not in the conclusion. A helpful analogy might be for the writer to think of the conclusion to a paper as the equivalent of a coda to a piece of music. Composers and songwriters will include a coda following the climax of a musical piece.

The climax normally occurs towards the end of the composition. However, the coda is included afterward in a way that allows the listener to revisit the main body of the composition or song, and provide the listener with a sense of perspective, balance, and summation. The conclusion to a written work serves a similar purpose. The writer should begin their paper with an appropriate introduction of their topic, followed a general statement of their thesis.

The writer will then develop their thesis through the body of the paper by stating the facts and arguments the writer wishes to present. Yet another difficulty some writers encounter when drafting a conclusion to their paper is to simply make writing the conclusion more complicated than it needs to be.

It should go without saying that the conclusion should be one of the last, if not the very last, part of the paper that is written, with the possible exception of prefaces, forewords, and appendices. The conclusion merely summarizes the ideas, information, and arguments that have already been presented.

The writer is not conducting research or formulating a thesis in the conclusion. Rather, the writer is simply restating the findings of research that has already been done. At this point, the topic does not need to be explained in excessive detail. The reader is already familiar with the topic. This aspect of the conclusion should essentially a repeat of the thesis statement that was included in the original introduction, most likely at the end of the opening paragraph.

What is the primary idea the writer is attempting to convey to the reader? This idea should be clearly stated in the conclusion. The conclusion to a research paper should revisit the core arguments offered by opposing points of view with a brief explanation of why the writer considers these arguments to be mistaken. Once again, it is important to focused and concise. The writer is not rewriting their paper in the conclusion, but only summarizing its main parts.

A good rule of thumb for scholars is to remember that there is rarely any such thing as a settled argument when it comes to intellectual debates. The writer might include a reference to additional questions they encountered while writing the paper or conducting the research.

There might also be mention of aspects of the research and related questions that the writer feels the paper did not address effectively. This is one of many, many issues that are controversial among historians and political scientists. The United States finally withdrew all of its troops from Vietnam in This was an important event for the antiwar movement and for the American people. The withdrawal occurred amidst the growing Watergate scandal, and served as one more indication of the failure of the Nixon presidency.

The end of American involvement in Vietnam represented the culmination of the dedication given to their cause by the great many antiwar activists who participated in the movement. It further represented a definitive moment in the generational conflict between young American and their elders that emerged during the s as American participation in the war escalated.

This victory and the conflict from which it emerged would continue to shape American society and politics in the ensuing decades as conservative forces regrouped, and went on the offensive, resulting in the Reagan Revolution of the s.

Notice that the above paragraph simply states an opinion. It is not clear from this paragraph what the topic of the paper or its central thesis actually is. Nor is it clear how a thesis is supported by research and argument in the body of the paper.

The paragraph conveys the impression that the debate concerning the issues involved is settled, and that there are no further ideas or questions that need to be addressed.

Lastly, the paragraph ends very abruptly and leaves the reader with the feeling that the paper is incomplete. For four decades, historians and political scientists have debated the degree to which the anti-Vietnam War movement was the catalyst that ultimately brought about the withdrawal of the United States from Vietnam in The highly visible and vocal antiwar movement of the period reflected this growing popular antiwar sentiment.

It has been argued that the militancy of many within the antiwar movement had an alienating effect on the wider body of the American public that actually diminished antiwar sentiment, and postponed the end of American involvement. However, research indicates the intensification of antiwar feelings among Americans actually expanded during precisely the time that the antiwar movement was taking a more militant turn.

Each research paper contains different chapters, sections, formats and tools to prove the point. Therefore, one should have a better understanding of how to evaluate and examine a particular research paper and summarise it according to its content specifically. They avoid getting into the horrifying task of reading the entire paper line by line and chapter by chapter.

However, it is true to some extent that the abstract of a research paper does provide some necessary information that helps student guide through the process. But it surely cannot replace reading entire paper to produce an exact summary. Essay Editors that may help Ben M. Start noting down the important points of each section of the paper that you think should be present in summary. Highlight important facts and statements too.

But do not use the only introduction to write the summary. In the chapters where the writer has used different methods or explained procedural working or processes of a certain phenomenon, you need to understand it to a degree from where you would be able to analyse how the writer was able to conclude results coming out of such methodology.

When you are finished reading the conclusion or the last chapter of the research paper, create a sentence that serves as the concluding sentence of your summary and elaborates the conclusions drawn by the writer at the end of the paper. Following above discussed points strictly could enable you to produce an accurate summary of any research paper offered to you.

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Concluding a research paper seems to be a less tiresome job than actually creating a research edupdf.gats assume that it may not consume their enough time and efforts if they are assigned to create a summary of an already existing research paper.

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A conclusion is not merely a summary of the main topics covered or a re-statement of your research problem, but a synthesis of key points and, if applicable, where you recommend new areas for future research.

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Writing a conclusion is the last part of the research paper, drawing everything together and tying it into your initial research. Sample Research Conclusion Let’s pretend a writer is doing a research paper exploring the question of to what degree the anti-Vietnam War protest movement of the s was effective in bringing about the withdrawal of the United States from the conflict in Vietnam.

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In the CONCLUSION to your report, you do a number of important things. Summarize the main points you made in your introduction and review of the literature; Review (very briefly) the research methods and/or design you employed. Wish to learn how to write a conclusion for a research paper or the entire project on time? Go through the effective tips shared by the college professors.