Arguments for and Against Abortion By: Arguments for and Against Abortion Abortion The word abortion means the "intentional destruction of a foetus or the inducing of a premature expulsion from the womb to cause death. People in many countries have abortions each year even if it is going against their religion. For example last year on the coast of Dublin there was an abortion ship, which is on international water where people can get an abortion if they like.
Pro-Choice groups believe that it is the right of any woman to terminate her pregnancy if she wishes. Groups which are Pro-Choice believe that abortion should be made legal and be offered to all women. The arguments they make for abortion are as follows: This argument is based on the belief that the embryo is just a cluster of cells which is not a person but only has the potential to be a human being.
A woman should have the right to terminate her pregnancy if she wishes! This argument is based on the belief that a woman has absolute right over her own body. In this argument the embryo in the womb is not considered to have any rights whatsoever. Abortion should be legalised to stop unsafe and unsanitary back street abortions. The heart is formed by the 18th day in the womb. If heartbeat was used to define life, then nearly all abortions would be outlawed. Physicians now use a more rigorous criterion for death: A flat EEG electroencephalograph is one of the most important criteria used to determine death.
If the cessation of brain wave activity can define death, could the onset of brain wave activity define life? Individual brain waves are detected in the fetus in about days.
Using brain wave activity to define life would outlaw at least a majority of abortions. Opponents to abortion also raise the controversial issue of fetal pain.
Does the fetus feel pain during abortion? The evidence seems fairly clear and consistent. Consider this statement made in a British medical journal: She opens her mouth to cry and also pulls away. Try sticking an 8-week-old human fetus in the palm of his hand.
He opens his mouth and pulls his hand away. A more technical description would add that changes in heart rate and fetal movement also suggest that intrauterine manipulations are painful to the fetus. Obviously, other medical criteria could be used.
For example, the developing fetus has a unique set of fingerprints as well as genetic patterns that make it unique. We can discern eyes, ears, fingers, a nose, and a mouth. Our visual senses tell us this is a baby growing and maturing. This is not a piece of protoplasm; this is a baby inside the womb. The point is simple. Medical science leads to a pro-life perspective rather than a pro-choice perspective.
If medical science can be used at all to draw a line, the clearest line is at the moment of conception. Medical arguments provide a strong case against abortion and for life. The best legal argument against abortion can be seen in the case of Roe v. It violated standard legal reasoning. The Supreme Court decided not to decide when life begins and then turned around and overturned the laws of 50 different states. Although the sentences sounded both innocuous and unpretentious, they were neither.
It overturned state laws that protected the unborn and has resulted in over 30 million abortions roughly the population of Canada in the United States. The decision also seems unpretentious by acknowledging that it did not know when life begins. A crucial role of government is to protect life. Government cannot remove a segment of the human population from its protection without adequate justification. The burden of proof should lie with the life-taker, and the benefit of the doubt should be with the life-saver.
The burden of proof in law is on the prosecution. The benefit of doubt is with the defense. This is also known as a presumption of innocence. The defendant is assumed to be innocent unless proven guilty. Again the burden of proof is on the entity that would take away life or liberty. The benefit of the doubt lies with the defense. The Supreme Court clearly stated that it does not know when life begins and then violated the very spirit of this legal principle by acting as if it just proved that no life existed in the womb.
Even more curious was the fact that to do so, it had to ignore the religious community and international community on the subject of the unborn. Had the religious community really failed to reach a consensus? Although there were some intramural disagreements, certainly the weight of evidence indicated that a Western culture founded on Judeo-Christian values held abortion to be morally wrong. People with widely divergent theological perspectives Jewish, Catholic, evangelical and fundamental Protestants shared a common agreement about the humanity of the unborn.
The same could be said about the international legal community. The unborn were protected by various international documents like the Declaration of Geneva and the U. Declaration of the Rights of the Child. Just as there are solid medical arguments against abortion, so also there are legal arguments against abortion.
Wade was a bad decision that needs to be overturned. A third set of arguments against abortion would be philosophical arguments. A key philosophical question is where do you draw the line? Put another way, when does a human being become a person? Wade separated personhood from humanity. In other words, the judges argued that a developing fetus was a human i. Since only persons are given 14th Amendment protection under the Constitution, the Court argued that abortion could be legal at certain times.
This left to doctors, parents, or even other judges the responsibility of arbitrarily deciding when personhood should be awarded to human beings. Once the Court allowed people to start drawing lines, some drew them in unexpected ways and effectively opened the door for infanticide and euthanasia. In the past, such criteria as implantation or quickening had been suggested. The Court chose the idea of viability and allowed for the possibility that states could outlaw abortions performed after a child was viable.
One such consequence is getting pregnant. When a woman gets pregnant, it is usually a result of her own choices, even if the pregnancy is unwanted or unplanned. The most obvious reason why I think that abortion is immoral is because it is the intentional killing of a human being. It is a well-known fact that life begins at the moment of conception.
If it is murder to kill a human being in any stage of life, then abortion, the murder of the fetus, is obviously wrong, because murder is one of the ethical absolutes. When we perform an abortion, we take the life of an innocent child. We deny the unborn child its right to live and experience the world.
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Abortion is an extremely controversial issue because while some people are completely against it, others believe that a woman should have the right to choose. I believe that . The word abortion by definition means the induced expulsion of a fetus from the womb before it is able to survive independently. Abortion is an extremely controversial issue because while some people are completely against it, others believe that a woman should have the right to choose. I believe /5(9).