Can it be addressed with a yes or no? Can I base my argument on scholarly evidence, or am I relying on religion, cultural standards, or morality? Have I made my argument specific enough? Worried about taking a firm stance on an issue? You MUST choose one side or the other when you write an argument paper! By addressing the opposition you achieve the following goals: How do I accomplish this?
Jot down several good reasons why you support that particular side of the argument. Look at the reasons you provided and try to argue with yourself. Why would someone disagree with each of these points? Sometimes it's helpful to imagine that you're having a verbal argument with someone who disagrees with you. Think carefully about your audience ; try to understand their background, their strongest influences, and the way that their minds work. Speakers must listen carefully and be able to counter arguments.
There are often segments involving crossfire, in which the debaters are allowed to ask questions and openly debate the topic. This may be called a Point of Information, and occurs when someone from the other team interrupts to ask a question or make a point. Sometimes there is a second pro and second con speech to summarise the points made and end the debate round.
In different formats, there may be three or four speakers, depending on which organisation you work with. Research the topic very thoroughly with credible information.
Because you will be asked to counter the arguments of the other side, in addition to giving a speech of your own, you must spend time thoroughly understanding all aspects of the resolution. Brainstorm the topic, and research it before you sit down to write. Write out a pro and con list. If you are on a debate team, do this together. Each member could discuss the pro and con lists, and then strike the weaker reasons until you are left with three or four reasons that seem strongest in support or opposition.
Spend some time at the library or on the Internet using credible sources to research the key reasons that seem strongest. Use books, scholarly journals, credible newspapers, and the like. Be very cautious about unverified information bandied about on the Internet.
You will also want to deal with the strongest arguments on the other side in your speech. Write an outline of your speech. If you create a basic outline of the speech, your writing organization will probably be better when you actually sit down to write the speech in full.
An introduction, your thesis argument, your key points to back your stance up, and a conclusion. Be prepared to define any key words for the judges. You can break each of those four part into subcategories. Write an introduction that is catchy and interesting. You want to introduce your topic very clearly and concisely right at the beginning of the debate speech.
However, you should open with a colorful flourish that foreshadows the topic. You should address the jury or audience with formal salutations. Making a good first impression with the judges is very important. This leads judges to assume the debater is persuasive. One technique to write a strong introduction is to contextualize the topic, especially in relation to real world events.
Be careful using humor; it involves risks and can lead to awkward silences if not done right. Find a relevant specific that illustrates the underlying point. Outline where you stand very clearly. The audience and judges should not have to puzzle over where you stand on the topic.
Are you affirmative or negative to the resolution? Say - clearly and concisely and firmly. The audience also should not have to wait until the end to find out. Make key points to back up your stance.
You want to highlight your key points very strongly early on in the speech. You could provide rapid-fire examples, basically piling up the evidence to support your stance. You definitely need to have more than 1 or 2 key points to back up the stance you have taken. Develop your key points. You want to back up the key arguments you are using to justify your position.
Back every single one of your key points up with examples, statistics and other pieces of evidence. Focus on the causes of the problem, the effects of the problem, expert opinion, examples, statistics, and present a solution. Appeal to their sense of fair play, desire to save, to be helpful, to care about community, etc.
Ground examples in how people are affected. Try using rhetorical questions, which make your opponents consider the validity of their point; irony, which undermines their point and makes you seem more mature and intelligent; simile, which gives them something to relate to; humor, which gets the audience on your side when done well; and repetition, which reinforces your point.
Understand the art of persuasion. Ancient philosophers studied the art of persuasion, and understanding their techniques will help your debate speech. Aristotle believed that speakers were more persuasive if they combined elements of logos persuasion by reasoning with pathos having an element of emotional appeal and ethos an appeal based on the character of the speaker - for example, that they seem intelligent or of good will.
There are two ways to use logic — inductive which makes the case with measurable evidence like statistics or a specific anecdote or example and deductive which makes the case by outlining a general principle that is related to the specific topic to infer a conclusion from it - as in, I oppose all wars except those involving imminent self defense; thus, I must oppose this one because it's a war that was not in imminent self defense, and here's why.
You should use pathos sparingly. Emotional appeal on its own can be dangerous. Logos - the appeal to reason - should be at the core. However, logical appeal without any pathos at all can render a speech dry and dull. Consider what you are trying to make your audience feel.
Explaining how a topic affects real people is one way to use pathos well. Write a strong conclusion. At the end, you should reiterate your overall stance on the topic to reinforce your position. One strong way to conclude a debate speech is to bookend the conclusion with the opening, by referring back to the introduction and tying the conclusion into the same theme. Quotations can be a good way to end a speech.
Work on your delivery from beginning to end. An advanced speaker carefully hones his or her delivery. The speaker understands the power of carefully timed rhetorical pauses and pays careful attention to the desired tone firm, moderate, etc.
Although you want to memorize the speech, and may use notes or your outline when giving it, it needs to sound natural and not too rehearsed. Avoid using ambiguous language and explanations. This is where you give unclear explanations and are incredibly vague in your descriptions of things and events. Stay away from the bandwagon fallacy. This is one of the most commonly committed fallacies, in which you assume something is correct or good simply because it is of popular belief.
For example, you state in your argument that because most people promote the death penalty, that it is the most effective means of punishment. Be careful of using the false dilemma fallacy. Often used at the end of a debate to highlight the goodness of making a decision in your favor, the false dilemma fallacy occurs when you offer only two final options black or white when there may indeed be several other options available. For example, your opponent states that as a result, the only two options are to legalize all drugs or to outlaw them.
Avoid using anecdotes instead of evidence. When presenting to an audience, often it is easier to rely on personal experiences and stories as the basis for an argument rather than finding clear evidence that supports a belief. For example, your opponent argues that because their friend decided to have their baby instead of having an abortion and ended up happier, all women will feel the same way in a similar position. The first step is to pick a topic that really means something to you.
Then, decide if you are against it or for it. Research your topic more and get some facts and information. Then, state your own opinions about the topic and make sure to write down your resources, then debate. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 0.
How do I write an apologetic team debate outline with case, evidence and rebuttals? Answer this question Flag as Is deafness a pathological cause or cultural cause? Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other.
Quick Summary To write a debate outline, start by writing down your primary argument or the case you are trying to prove. Did this summary help you? Tips Debates are based on evidence, support, and organization. Do your best to find appropriate resources and to keep your arguments easy to follow. Keep track of any cases or examples you encounter as you research. This information will be useful as you construct any rebuttals. Warnings Do not rely on emotional appeals. Though emotional appeals are a powerful motivator for change, debates are based on logic and evidence.
Remain calm and know the information. Debates In other languages: Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read , times.
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Defending a debate position is something high school students need to master. While defending a position verbally is usually easy, defending on paper can be more difficult. With careful thought and preparation, writing a debate paper can increase confidence, debate and written skills.
Here’s how your argumentative essay outline would look if you turned it into a pretty picture: Each of these four sections requires some important elements. Let’s break those down now. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 1: Your Intro. Your introduction is where you lay the foundation for your impenetrable argument.
Argument Essay #4. Click Here to View Essay "A Deadly Tradition" (PDF Document) Sample Argument Essay #5. Click Here to View Essay "Society Begins at Home" (PDF Document) Sample Argument Essay #6. A winning debate has several characteristics that you should know and use when writing own debate essay: logic; a certain position on an issue; proofs and evidences; refuting arguments; Principle 2: choose debate essay topics wisely Basically, a good debate essay topic is any current issue that is of great interest to public and causes heated debates.
Sep 05, · Step-by-step help in writing your argument paper. Instructions using Classical, Rogerian, and Toulmin argument edupdf.gas: An argument essay, as with all essays, should contain three parts: the introduction, the body, and the conclusion. The length of paragraphs in these parts will vary depending on the length of your essay assignment.