At the very least, this gives you some additional terms and names on which you can search to do more research. It should be clear that, contra the impression I may have given on our Husserl episode , phenomenology is neither some idiosyncratic thing that began and ended with Husserl or is so diffuse that any sort of self-reporting that goes on in psychological research counts as phenomenology in the philosophical sense.
I've commented that Dan Dennett, for instance, is all for throwing out our Cartesian reliance on introspection as a source of legitimate knowledge, but in Dennett's article we read for our philosophy of mind episode , he actually uses some kind of phenomenological method to argue against the prima facie results of introspection.
Simply "describing experience" isn't going to do it: Also available on Kindle for you e-reader types! As such can the quotes NOT be in such a low contrast grey please? I have to highlight the whole page or change the whole viewing theme of my computer or indulge in more unnecessary technical fiddling…As a trainer of IT: How do I want to describe this?
My first instinct is to break things down: The objects on the table are just potential tools to assist me e. Yes, I can analyze aspects of my experience into different types of effects, and try to, for instance, separate my perception of space from my perception of the cultural properties e. For Sartre I think , what matters in your analysis is what frees you to intelligent action. So, the crux of the biscuit is this: Wow, am I wrestling with that one. In fact, metaphysics is made irrelevent.
He is NOT talking ontologically. I feel like Husserl was reaching farther, but I feel that, by reaching farther, he was undermining his project. But, again, I have no idea if my Doctoral Committee will care. This was an extraordinarily helpful post. Quite the public service you supply here, Mark.
This is especially helpful because I have a hard time when I sits and thinks. Conversation is a much more effective way for me to learn. Just a couple of additional points:. Can one be a more or less effective phenomenologist depending on the content one is trying to describe? Your email address will not be published.
Describe the basic principles applied to phenomenological methodology and data collection. Discuss ways in which phenomenological data can be collected. Summarize tips for conducting an effective interview. Following is a list of principles and qualities applied to phenomenological methodology and data collection: Phenomenology searches for the meaning or essence of an experience rather than measurements or explanations.
Researcher should begin with the practice of Epoche. He or she will describe their own experiences or ideas related to phenomenon to increase their own awareness of their underlying feelings.
Phenomenology is different in that the researcher is often participatory and the other participants are co-researchers in many cases. This type of research focuses on the wholeness of the experience, rather than its individual parts. Phenomenology differs from other research in that it does not test a hypothesis, nor is there an expectation that the results predictive or reproducible.
Additional studies into the same phenomenon often reveal new and additional meanings. The study can be applied to a single case or deliberately selected samples.
A phenomenological research study typically follows the four steps listed below: Bracketing — The process of identifying, and keeping in check, any preconceived beliefs, opinions or notions about the phenomenon being researched. Bracketing is important to phenomenological reduction, which is the process of isolating the phenomenon and separating it from what is already known about it.
Intuition — This requires that the researcher become totally immersed in the study and the phenomenon and that the researcher remains open to the meaning of the phenomenon as described by those that experienced it. The process of intuition results in an understanding of the phenomenon and may require the researcher to vary the data collection methods or questions until that level of understanding emerges.
Analysis — The process of analyzing data involves the researcher becoming full immersed into the rich, descriptive data and using processes such as coding and categorizing to organize the data. The goal is to develop themes that can be used to describe the experience from the perspective of those that lived it. Description — This is the last phase of the process. The researcher will use his or her understanding of the data to describe and define the phenomenon and communicate it to others.
The descriptive phenomenological psychological method. Journal of Phenomenological psychology , 43 1 , The theory, practice, and evaluation of the phenomenological method as a qualitative research procedure. Journal of phenomenological psychology , 28 2 , Some guidelines for the phenomenological analysis of interview data.
Human studies , 8 3 ,
The Types and Scope of Phenomenology January 21, by Mark Linsenmayer 8 Comments To supplement whatever you interested folks might have encountered in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the site for the "Center for Advanced Research in Phenomenology," run by Lester Embree (a student of students of Husserl).
Phenomenology in business research focuses on experiences, events and occurrences with disregard or minimum regard for the external and physical reality. Phenomenology, also known as non-positivism, is a variation of interpretivism, along with other variations such as hermeneutics, symbolic interactionism and others.
Qualitative Method of Research: Phenomenological Mark George Bound, Ph. D. Nova Southeastern University October 10, Qualitative Inquiry: Phenomenological Research This course identifies five different methods of qualitative research inquiry, narrative, phenomenological, participatory action. Phenomenology Methods & Data Collection This module provides an overview of research methods for phenomenological studies and describes means of data collection. Learning Objectives: List and describe the steps involved in a phenomenology .
Phenomenology is the study of structures of consciousness as experienced from the first-person point of view. The central structure of an experience is its intentionality, its being directed toward something, as it is an experience of or about some object. What is Phenomenological Research? By Marilyn K. Simon and Jim Goes Includes excerpts from Simon (), Dissertation and Scholarly Phenomenological research methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Laitinen, Arto & Sandis,Constantine (). Hegel on Action. Palgrave Macmillan.