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❶Similar to the shout, grunt or noise made by weightlifters or other when performing hard physical demands on the body.

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Matsubayashi-ryu / Shorin-ryu Karate Terms


A karate style developed by Gichin Funakoshi that is credited with popularizing karate in the modern era. It is considered to be the most influential and traditional form of karate because it is now the most practiced.

A back stance that involves bending the rear leg strongly at the knee. The karate style used dictates whether the front leg should be straight or slightly bent. It is known to be an excellent defensive stance due to the amount of energy one stores in the rear leg. This is a long wooden stick that is usually 1. Although pine wood and bamboo are sometimes used, hardwood such as red or white oak is the favored material for a bo staff.

This is an outside block that deflects a strike across the attacker and away from the defender. Due to the angles involved in this type of block, it is best used to block strikes to the face while the inside block may be better for strikes aimed to the mid and lower body.

This word has a different meaning depending on the martial art. It is practiced as self-defense training and as a sport in its own right. There are kickboxing and full-contact forms of kumite amongst others, and it can be practiced as free sparring or as structured kumite. Another form of striking in karate. Uchi refers specifically to punches using a different technique to tsuki and may involve blows with the bottom or back of the fist.

The back should be straight and the feet should be pointed slightly inwards. It requires strong tension and is not used in all karate styles. This is known as a front snap kick. In karate, there is a snap kick kaege and a thrust kick kekomi.

A mae geri kaege involves using a snapping action from the knee, and the ball of the foot is used as the striking surface. An inside hooking block used to deflect a strike away from the attacker and away from the defender. This is a good method of blocking for those seeking a counter attack.

It has had a major influence on modern karate despite the fact that few karateka ever practice it. A form of back kick said to be the most devastating kick in karate. Advanced karateka will use a spinning variation of this kick, and the end result can be an exceptionally powerful kick.

This is deemed to be an informal stance where the heels are kept together and toes are open at a degree angle. It is the most common stance when it comes to performing the traditional bow.

The term used for a bow in karate. It is traditional for students to bow to their sensei as a sign of respect. It is also traditional to bow to an opponent before and after combat. The formal gathering place for students of martial arts such as judo or karate. A dojo is considered to be a special place and must be treated with respect. Shoes must not be worn inside a dojo, and in some martial arts, it is customary to ritually clean the dojo before and after training sessions.

Relates to a series of karate throwing techniques; the aim is to successfully throw an opponent to the ground. Unlike judo, karate throws are often practiced at a distance, as the aim of a karateka is to keep the opponent out of striking range.

A linear thrusting kick that is normally used in Shotokan Karate. It is capable of delivering a blow of great force because it combines the thrusting motion of the leg with the power of the hips.

An obi is part of a Japanese martial arts exercise outfit and is basically a belt made from thick cotton. Typically, they will wear a white obi if they are a beginner while a black obi wearer is deemed to have significant skill.

Increased ranks can be earned through practice where the improved abilities are demonstrated. This refers to a state of awareness in Japanese martial arts. A battle cry used by martial artists either before, during, or after performing a technique. It can also be a word used to describe fighting spirit. There are mental imagery techniques that ask students to imagine starting a kiai in the hara or dantien-Chinese, so the cry should begin in the diaphragm rather than in the throat.

This is generally deemed to be a respectful greeting or the understanding of a command given by a sensei. This word refers to posture in karate. Also involves the spiritual and philosophical development of students.

Aikido Success Blueprint offers you Key Action Steps to quickly improve your ability to develop aikido skills. A unique gold-mine of knowledge! Kyudo way of the bow , is the modern name for Japanese archery. Originally in Japan, kyujutsu art of the bow , was a discipline of the samurai, the Japanese warrior class. From the 16th century, firearms gradually replaced the bow as the most dominant battlefield weapon. As the bow lost its significance as a weapon of war, and under the influence of Buddhism, Shinto, Daoism and Confucianism, Japanese archery became kyudo.

In some schools kyudo is practiced as a refined contemplative practice, while in other schools it is practiced as a modern day sport.

Karate empty hand is a mix of Okinawan arts called 'te', and Chinese martial arts. Gichin Funakoshi — regarded as the father of modern karate, founded Shotokan karate, gave demonstrations in Tokyo in , and karate was included in Japan's public school system. Karate practice is mainly characterized by straight punching and kicking techniques executed from a stable, fixed posture.

Many styles of karate incorporate the forms kata developed by Funakoshi and his teachers, and practitioners also take part in full, light, and no-contact competitions. The principle of aiki is a joining of energy, or harmonizing physically and mentally with an opponent to avoid direct conflict. In practice, aiki is achieved by joining with the physical motion and the mental intent to redirect the energy and the will to calm down a situation.

Aikido is founded on the principle that controlling an opponent can be achieved by aiki to defeat them without causing serious harm. Budo way of war relates particularly with Japanese martial arts styles. Bushido way of the warrior is a code of honor for the samurai way of life. It emphasizes courage, bravery, and loyalty to their lord daimyo. Courtesy , etiquette, politeness, humble, gentle, boldness, formal bow, etc.

The hard is a direct attack, or defense with a block or parry. Hard techniques are usually in straight lines. The soft is an indirect use of force, which avoids or redirects opposing force. Avoiding an attack, followed by extra force to unbalance an attacker, in circular motion. Openings are the foundation of a successful attack, physical or broken concentration. In combat between masters, each would stand almost entirely motionless until the slightest opening was spotted. One would launch a devastating attack to finish it with a single blow.

Initiative is taking advantage of an opening with total commitment and ignoring a possible counter-attack. Or an active attempt to encourage an attack by the opponent that will create a weakness in their defense, often by faking an opening that is too enticing for the opponent to ignore. Sensei is the title used for a teacher, similar to a college 'Professor'.

There are two main systems of education in the Japanese martial arts. Before it was based on a sullabus to preserved tradition. It was organized by a series of levels passed down within the Ryu tradition. Resulting in the student achieving a license of total transmission menkyo kaiden , permitting the student to teach outside of the ryu. The modern system after , awards belts in accordance with students reaching a particular level.

Students progress by promotion through formal testing through a series of grades kyu , followed by a series of degrees dan. Some arts use only white and black belts to distinguish between skill levels, while others use a progression of colored belts. Kata forms are the backbone of martial arts, but different schools and styles put a varying amount of emphasis on their practice.

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If you're looking to discover some Japanese words that relate to karate and martial arts, take a moment to check out Sandoval Freestyle Karate's Glossary.

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Japanese martial arts refer to the variety of martial arts native to the country of Japan. At least three Japanese terms are used interchangeably with the English phrase Japanese martial arts. The usage of term budō to mean martial arts is a modern one and historically the term meant a way of life encompassing physical, spiritual and moral.

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The following is a list of Japanese terms commonly used in karate training. Some of these terms are used at the Academy of Traditional Karate, though many more are included for reference. The typical pronunciations and English meanings are given, along with a kanji representation where available. The gentle way, a Japanese martial art: Ju. A listing of martial arts terms and definitions. ENGLISH (1) One (2) Position or Posture. 10TH DEGREE BLACK BELT. 2 people meeting in a Japanese-style match.

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Budo – Martial ways (literally “way(s) of war) Bugei – Martial crafts (Another way of referring to Japanese martial arts) Bujutsu – Martial arts (Yet another interchangable term for Japanese martial art). That’s why I want to explain 10 Japanese words everyone misunderstands in Karate today. (This holds true for all traditional Japanese martial arts.) And the word “dojo My top 10 Japanese words everyone misunderstands in Karate.