Its circumference should be between 75 and 78cm It should be inflated to a pressure so that when it is dropped from a height of 1. In addition to that equipment already mentioned, the home team is normally responsible for providing the following: Players of each team should wear the same outfits which must not clash with the opposing team. Each player should wear a numbered shirt and no two players in the same team should wear the same number. Players are numbered between 4 and Loose-fitting shorts for mobility, and sleeveless vests are the standard attire.
Basketball shoes should be rubber-soled and with protected ankle supports, although these are not necessary. Most important of all, make sure your clothing is comfortable. It is important to wear towelled socks; and it is not a bad idea to buy a pair of shoes a little too big to enable you to wear two pairs of socks which will reduce the risk of blistering.
The game of basketball is played with a round ball by two teams, each with five players usually two guards, two forwards and a center or in modern basketball lingo - point guard, wings and post players.
The referee starts the game by tossing the ball up a jump ball between the two opposing center players, who stand facing each other at the center circle of the playing arc.
The player who wins the ball may then pass, throw, tap, roll or dribble the ball in any direction, subject to the official rules. The aim of the game is to throw the ball through the opponent's basket while pre-venting the other team from getting the ball and scoring goals.
Shooting the ball through the basket scores two points for a field goal, three points for a field goal made from outside the three-point line drawn on the court and one point for a free throw. Naturally enough, the team with the most points at the end of the game wins. The game consists of two halves, each of 20 minutes, with a ten-minute break between halves. If scores are level at the allotted 40 minutes, there is a two-minute break followed by an extra period of five minutes of play.
You cannot run with the ball - this is called travelling. Nor can you take more than one step while holding the ball. If you stop dribbling, the ball can only be moved by a pass or shot at the basket.
If you start dribbling again, you will be penalized for double dribbling. Each team is allowed up to five substitutes, who must stay off the court until the coach decides to replace an on-court player known as making a substitution.
Substitutions may be made at time-outs, jump balls or when play is stopped for a foul. If they do decide to make such a substitution, their opponents can also make a substitution. Generally speaking, basketball is a non-contact game, although contact which gives no one an unfair advantage can occur. You must not hold, push, charge, trip or impede the progress of an opponent by using your arm, shoulder, hip or knee or by bending your body out of a normal position, or use any rough tactics.
If you do, you will be charged with a personal foul. When there is contact, the referee makes a decision with the following basic principles in mind:. Free essays on Research Papers posted on this site were donated by anonymous users and are provided for informational use only. The free Research Papers research paper The History Of Basketball essay presented on this page should not be viewed as a sample of our on-line writing service.
Introduction Basketball is a athletic sport, usually played on an indoor court in which two competing teams of five layers each attempt to score by throwing an inflated ball so that it descends through one of two baskets suspended, at each end of the court, above their heads. History Basketball was invented in December by the Canadian clergyman, educator, and physician James Naismith. Rules Professional, college, and high school games are similar except in length and in range of basic skills. If there is a foul on a player in the act of shooting: Equipment The Ball The ball is round and the outer casing should be either leather, rubber or other suitable synthetic material.
The Clothing Players of each team should wear the same outfits which must not clash with the opposing team. How To Play Basketball The game of basketball is played with a round ball by two teams, each with five players usually two guards, two forwards and a center or in modern basketball lingo - point guard, wings and post players. When there is contact, the referee makes a decision with the following basic principles in mind: Essays, term papers, research papers related: Our writers are all Uni graduates able to work effectively on any level under time constraints.
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Great support No Plagiarism. James Naismith published 13 rules for the new game. He divided his class of 18 into 2 teams of 9 players each which today would be the equivalent of 3 guards, 3 centers, and 3 forwards and set about to teach them the basics of his new game of Basketball. The object of the game was to throw the soccer ball, into the fruit baskets nailed to the lower railing of the gym balcony. Every time a point was scored, the game was halted so the janitor could bring out a ladder and retrieve the ball.
Later, the bottoms of the fruit baskets were removed. The first public basketball games were held in Springfield, MA, on December 21, ! They got the name basket ball from the fact that they had a ball and a basket. The way the game was set up back then was they had to shoot the ball into the basket, the basket had no hole in it unlike the ones we use today. They would have to retrieve the ball manually; during the time of them fetching the ball out the basket each team had a break.
In was when they developed metal hoops with nets and backboards which made the game more easier. Instead of them using a soccer ball they upgraded to a spalding ball, these are the balls that are still used to this day!
Basketball was spreading throughout the United States ,Canada , and the world! The YMCA had a lot to do with why basketball became a well known trend. The First World War broke out in , and the U. Army started fighting in Europe in Together with the troops, there were hundreds of physical education teachers, who knew basketball quite well, and even James Naismith spent two years with YMCA in France, in that period.
There were others even traveling to places such as China, India, Japan, and Persia spreading the new game around the globe. The men that traveled to these countries are: They had every element they needed to take the new sport basketball to the top!
James Naismith made sure that he had proper funding for the sport, the right supporters, and of course the right minds working on creating the individual leagues. The first professional league started in it was 6 teams in this league the first champions of this league were the Trenton Nationals. Shortly after the Trenton Nationals won the championships other teams followed in their footsteps.
They abandoned this league in , their were little championship games that people would play for money. In order to even play with this team and Jim Furey you had to sign a contract. The success of this team lasted from reason why was , because the team was disbanded due to ownership issues.
In , the first all-African American professional team was founded: The team took part in the World professional basketball tournament and took the 1st place trophy in The team had also disbanded like the Celtics exactly 10 years after they won the tournament! In the s and s, Eastern Basketball League founded in , Metropolitan Basketball League founded in and American Basketball league founded in were the most important leagues.
The most hard playing games were played at colleges. In that period, the Amateur Athletic Union took over the organization of collegiate activity. The NCAA created the first united states championship in which brought in the playoffs at the end of each conference! On June 6th a league was started in New York city the league was known as the Basketball association of America.
The NBA has become Americas most favorite association they have the most significant players ,salaries, popularity , talent, and last but not least level of competition. Christopher Club of New York City was established as the first fully organized independent all-black basketball teams in these teams were amateur! In , Howard Universities first varsity basketball team began. In , the Commonwealth Five, the first all-black Professional team was founded. The New York Renaissance was founded in The NBA integrated in the —51 season, with three black players each achieving a separate milestone in that process.
In the draft held immediately prior to that season, Chuck Cooper became the first black player drafted by an NBA team. The ABA offered an alternative ethos and game style as well as some changes in the rules. Julius Erving was the leading player in the league, and helped launch a modern style of play that emphasizes leaping and play above the rim. The league emphasized excitement and liveliness, be it in the color of the ball red, white and blue , the manner of play, wild promotions, or the three point jump shot.
National recognition and earnings were low, leading the league to look for a way out of its problems.
The game of basketball has evolved a great deal throughout the years. Basketball was invented on December 21, The inventor of the game was a Canadian clergyman, James Naismith (Joseph Morse, ). The game of basketball was fashioned from fragments of other games, seeking to eliminate flaws /5(3).
The National Basketball Association (NBA) was founded in New York City on June 6, African Americans were introduced to the game in , which was when the independent all-black teams were founded. The all-white National Basketball League began to racially integrate in Basketball has changed greatly over the years.
The game was first played with 9 people on each team.” (Faurschou, “History of basketball”). “In enough colleges had formed teams to form the first competition. . History of Basketball “According anywhere from Australia to the United States and everywhere in between the game of basketball is played.” (Faurschou, “History of basketball”). The game is played anywhere where you can get a ball and something to throw the ball through.
History Of Basketball Essay Words | 3 Pages. History of Basketball Who is known world-wide as the inventor of basketball? His name is Dr. James Naismith, he was born in in Almonte, Ontario. Most people wonder were a . Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more. Get started now!