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Ethics and Research Methodology

Ethical Issues

❶Experiments are the classic way to conduct research in almost any field of study.

Ethical Standards - Researchers Should...

This article is a part of the guide:
Research Methods and Ethics - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
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Review the following slideshow to begin understanding the key ethical considerations for researchers and the history of ethical issues in research. This slideshow is a comprehensive discussion of ethical issues that researchers may face and provides definitions of key terminology for new researchers. This slideshow includes the use of case studies to illustrate many of these considerations. The following video discusses all types of ethical considerations in research including use of human subjects, consent, plagiarism, guiding principles, and so forth.

The following website discusses common codes and policies regarding ethics in research. Ethics in Research - The Web Center for Social Research Methods - Some of the key terminology associated with research ethics are described on this site, as well as a brief history of ethical considerations in research.

Ethics in Research and Publication - This website is a comprehensive set of resources that are helpful in learning examining and learning about ethical issues in research. The site contains webcasts, PDFs, examples, links to other sites and numerous other resources. It covers a broad range of topics including plagiarism, conflict of interest, scientific misconduct, and many other topics relating to research ethics. Ethics in Research - There are many ethical considerations when conducting research.

This presentation defines and describes various types of ethical misconduct and gives examples. What is an IRB and its Purpose? What is the purpose of an IRB and how does a researcher know when they need to use it? Ethics Video Series - This series of eight YouTube videos looks at all types of ethical considerations relating to research and publishing.

This pin will expire , on Change. This pin never expires. Select an expiration date. About Us Contact Us. Search Community Search Community. Ethical Considerations The purpose of this module is to overview ethical issues that should be considered when designing and conducting research.

Describe the purpose of the the Institutional Review Board. List and explain the ethical issues that must be considered when using human subjects. The ethics of educational research Vol. Ethical Issues in Online Course Design: Negotiating Identity, Privacy, and Ownership.

Selected Papers of Internet Research , 3. Do IRBs protect human research participants?. The Journal of the American Medical Association , 10 , Research methods in social relations. Issues, Methods and Research. This is especially relevant where researchers had previously relied on 'captive audiences' for their subjects -- prisons, universities, and places like that.

Closely related to the notion of voluntary participation is the requirement of informed consent. Essentially, this means that prospective research participants must be fully informed about the procedures and risks involved in research and must give their consent to participate.

Ethical standards also require that researchers not put participants in a situation where they might be at risk of harm as a result of their participation. Harm can be defined as both physical and psychological.

There are two standards that are applied in order to help protect the privacy of research participants. Almost all research guarantees the participants confidentiality -- they are assured that identifying information will not be made available to anyone who is not directly involved in the study. The stricter standard is the principle of anonymity which essentially means that the participant will remain anonymous throughout the study -- even to the researchers themselves.

Clearly, the anonymity standard is a stronger guarantee of privacy, but it is sometimes difficult to accomplish, especially in situations where participants have to be measured at multiple time points e. Increasingly, researchers have had to deal with the ethical issue of a person's right to service. Good research practice often requires the use of a no-treatment control group -- a group of participants who do not get the treatment or program that is being studied.

But when that treatment or program may have beneficial effects, persons assigned to the no-treatment control may feel their rights to equal access to services are being curtailed. Even when clear ethical standards and principles exist, there will be times when the need to do accurate research runs up against the rights of potential participants. No set of standards can possibly anticipate every ethical circumstance.

Furthermore, there needs to be a procedure that assures that researchers will consider all relevant ethical issues in formulating research plans.

To address such needs most institutions and organizations have formulated an Institutional Review Board IRB , a panel of persons who reviews grant proposals with respect to ethical implications and decides whether additional actions need to be taken to assure the safety and rights of participants.

Ethics in Clinical Research

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According to Bryman and Bell () the following ten points represent the most important principles related to ethical considerations in dissertations: Research participants should not be subjected to harm in any ways whatsoever. Respect for the dignity of research participants should be prioritised.

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Ethics in Research We are going through a time of profound change in our understanding of the ethics of applied social research. From the time immediately after World War II until the early s, there was a gradually developing consensus about the key ethical principles that should underlie the .

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Research methodology ethical issues in research an assignment 1. IDENTIFY AND EXPLAIN ANY 6 ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS IN RESEARCH. Keywords: NASW Code of Ethics, IRB, human subjects protection, quantitative research, qualitative research, mixed-methods research, research design, experimental design, quasi-experimental design Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the .

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Ethics should be applied on all stages of research, such as planning, conducting and evaluating a research project.. The first thing to do before designing a study is to consider the potential cost and benefits of the research. Finally, education in research ethics should be able to help researchers grapple with the ethical dilemmas they are likely to encounter by introducing them to important concepts, tools, principles, and methods that can be useful in resolving these dilemmas.